ʰ޼䣬ΪΣĻĶԻԽ

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ʰ޼䣬Ϊ

         ----ĻĶԻ

2010926-27գ׽ɽ̳ģ

Խ

 

 

ҪĻΪģνִ߰ڣΪҪ壬νִǷãĻ֮֮Ϊ䣬ãʰִ֮ĻӦ÷ͳ⣬ִֵ֮˼ʹ֮Ϊִᾫ֮ġӦͻ棬Ȼгڻ㽻ͬΪһ֮Үʰɹг֮ᡣ

 

 

Ļ

    ĻΪġȻΪڵġԨԻ˼Ϊʡһտ˼¹ɡԨɼ ֻԳԽ;ˣ˵ǻĿģ·뷽ĻУȻҪأԶ׼ǣȴǴĻĸ͹ؼ

    ĻںƺҪأһˡ¡ԳҲߣҲӽ֮ģΪ֮Ҳҽ֮ΪĶ֮סǬԡΪʣԳˡǵߵ֮ˣҲʣҲԪܲαΪԪӶˣˡӶΪԪΪʡߣҲӹÿӵĻ˵ߣҲΪΪ֣֮Աʡαִ˵ʵ˵ĸԡڶ˵Ľ֡ΪҲ˴ӶҲ˵ߣҲΪ¡˵ףҲѧТҲߣΪ֮죡ʴˣĻҪء۶ԣҪָТѵܹļͥϵȻˣ˴ӶҲƱػԳ֮ԼҲҪ֮ˡ֮һ漰ͥϵͲĵҪأ֮ԴӶԻ߼氮ʴӶԨ˵ʡԻ߰ҪԵ ʴˣӺҲ˵ߣˣˡܽȡƩν֮ҲѡšݣҲ˵Է˵ԡʩߣ֮ҲۡԡҲ԰֮Ҳϡܽ˵֮ҲjҲҲҲҲҲҲϧҲĽҲҲʴˣŶ֮Ҵͳĺ֮ڽֵԼ֮ϣԼ֮֮⡣ԴԣˡӶΪ֮ԡԣһ˵ļͥϵ˵ϵͬʱԻΪգԾͽȡƩ

    ĻںƺҲҪأһ֮ǡҲ¸Ҳ˵ġ ԭڽ̼ʽϵһ̬ԭҪء˺ҴͳչҪءڶ̡ǡƣԶ裬ɣͬ죬ǷҲ˵֮ɱ,֮,ҲҲΪֺͬ죬֮ͳܺӡۡ ֮ڱ£𱰣ϵȼڡ˵֮ģ֮Ҳ ԣж־壬޶гɡۡ˺ҪصǿҪ׷ԨԻ˼Ϊʡһտ˼¹ɡԨ ֮ΪߣҲ

    ڽһǰбҪһӦӶԪ֡κ̫龫̡ΪԪ֮£ҲԪִӶˡִˡӶΪԪΪʣΪ֮Ԫֵһ塣ֵڣԪȴӶˣȴ˺ӶǬԡ˵Ԫߣ֮ҲڬƣԪʼҲԪΪ֮ʼ֮£ߣҲΪ˴֮ȴӶˡˣΪ֮飬ȴ˺ӶԪ֮ڹΪ֡ΪҲ˵ġǬԡ˵ϡʴˣԪǣ֮ʼΪ֮ʼ֮ȡԪǿǣ쾴졣֣˴ӶԪ֮Ϊʴǧԡ˵ġҲ˵Ϊ֣֮Ա֮˺˴Ӷ߼氮ʴӶҴͳıע֮⡣

    ƳΪҴͳһഫҢ˴ܿףȻ֮Դ֮ԴɡҲɶɶꡣԭΪܵ˥ûأںڽκ֮䡣Եߣīϣڷͬϣ  ʸ־Ҵͳʶ֮ҲΪǿ˽֮ӣԱƽ£ᳫǿ߰Ĺ֮νʣж֮֮νԭ ΪԼ洫ֱӳмӣ֮ľ裬ǹ֮Ϊ˳飻֮Ϊˣ򰮶֮ΪģͶƽ֮Ϊ¹ңͬϣɼṫ֮Ϊġ

    ˺ѧԳΪ²ǷԺ֮ν߹̲ȻԲΪʣ򲻿ɡ˼¼һ ѧߣ֮ʧԼҲ֮ԭԣδвơͬϣ ѧԻԻ֮ģҲ԰Ϊʡ飬ԣר԰Ϊʣԣ֮ģ֮ҲԻ֮ˣ򲻿ɱν֮ʡͬϣ ѧΪԣΪ飬֮Ϊ֮ʣˡܰˡ֮ʩ֮Ҳ˼¼ ѧҲţ컯Ϣ֮ϰ¼ϣ ãѧϻǽʵ롣壬ͳΪѧʽַ̽ˡۣ֮ǰѧͳԵʵΪ۲ΪѧչĹڽѧʵһ۷롣

    Կ̷ΪĵѧͳòִĺͿѧķչ̷ͬνǹᴩѧ֮һе̷ͨͬؼʶѧͨʣʡǹʲ֮棬֮ͨͨΩʲߣ֮ͨ^Ҳͬϣ ĶۣΪԼ֮,:Իѧ,Ի,Իѧһ,Ϊʵ;һ,ȨΪʵ;ڽԣĪ,......,Խѧ֮ε,ԸΪѧ֮ʼ,μ,ʼɿ֮΢ͬϣˣԽΪȣ˥Ҳ̲жΣζѧѧԽ̣ãѧΪɱ֮ߡͬϣ ͽ̶ۣΪסҮ̿Իͨʽ֮ͬ,ǽ֮еȼҲ,֮Ҳ,䷨ʵһӡԶȡ,򡶾й֮ǿһ,Ϊ֮ͬϣ  ִѧ̷ͬʮĩ֮ʱĶʢѧ̫Ϊͨʺ;֮ؼΪѧߵһ̫֮ãʼʡ(ͬϣ ͼڹͨҴͳ֮͵ʱѧձΪ̫̫ںϣ˼ij־ѧֵĵųΪһ塣̷ͬں̫·̫һޡȻڶʮͳȷ󣬿ѧʶųʴڵһʽ̫𽥱̷ͬѧƪ̫֮Ϊdz֮Դɴɿ̫ľΪһĹΪŸɶ̫֮ͬΨ̫Ϊ̷ͬʣ̫֮ã֮֮ͨͬϣ Ȼ̷˼˳Ӧʱ̬֮һвʱľƽȡ̷̲ͬͬ,ͬڱ;䲻ͬ,ͬƽͨƽ˼˵̷ͬѧչ֮ġ

    ˶֮ǰҴͳķչЩѧҵƶ£ݱ׷ԭ壬ԭѧǷҾ䣬ע;ķѧͬʱѧоʵ۲档ڴ˹У˼ɵ˼·̷ͬѧ˴˼·ĵ͡ѧչĻ˼Ƿչḻѧ˶ѧֻ̬ȣߺ򵽿׼ҵ֮Ϊȫ񶨡Ļ˶ѧѸͷƾƱҪ֮ɣǿ֮ʵѧͳ֮ǰδеƻͬʱѧƽȡ¼ֵġҶйĻֱơ

    ĸ↑ź󣬰񸻹ǿ̬ƵIJԼĻת͵Ļңع鴫ͳĻĺսǡѧ𣬹ѧʦĻһʱ䣬ѧۣȫۣؽ۵ȸɫ𡣷ͳȻ벻ѧڹȻҲ벻ѧڴȳУлʮͳ±гΪ¼ʰТǫͺ[1] Ȼ˶֮Ȼ Ϊл¾ȻΪͳν׼ãɴ˷лĹºͺ¡[2] ТˡΪйĻͻ......лĸ֮һ[3] ƶȺνΪ˽ʽνȻ㽫Ϊĸ֮һߣҲļ̬ӵ»ķ⽨̻ٵľת̡[4]

    ȻѧչգȻĻ롣йĻķչ·ڣ

 

    ǻĺĹͽȷƣǰԼһ顷48 ΪĽɣԼ·Ӹ631ǻһзɵܸ١

    ϣĸ֡鰮ҦӦϦѦήstergo) ָ˵Ȼ֮Ҫڼ֮ͥ縸ĸŮѰ (զɦί phila)  ָ˵֮ʿ·ḻ˴עҳϡƽȵҪء (έѦς rs) ָ֮Ȼ԰ҪڷޡŮȡͼ̸˰Ҳ֮ڶԷ׷֮ʥ (άЦagp) ָһԵİһо֮ڱһϲоij˵֮

    ֮ʱϣĹԼϣķ߸õĵĸʣõڶʣѰͽ٣õʣ٣õһʣ鰮Լ߸ϲʹһһϣΪ[5]Լ߼ûʹʣѰһõҲࡣϣõʥһʣطḻȫµز

    ֮ҪҪأһʥԡʥ֮ijϵŵ޺㡣һԶճ֮ȫͬʵ塣[6] ֮ԴƵʥĴߡԽʵ磬ʥռֵ塣ڶΨһԡǰ˰Ψһġ(rs)ʥ(agp)DD֮½֮DDܱ׷롣䲻ͬڣԽܹڰΨһʵҵ˵ͳһһϵİʾԽܵʵ֡[7]  İ϶ܹΪrsͬʱİҲȫȫʥagp[8] ФҲӵа֮Ϊʼͳ֮͡ҲԿ϶رΪʥ֮һи֮רгԽ֮һҪͶעҲҪԽǡԡӵдڵȫʱڵв档ܣΪŵָȷĿ꣺㡣[9] еʥ֮ĹϵǰĹϵŰ磻ŰDz˻ࣻŰΪˡǰҮԼﵽİļΪ㣬дıʣȷȻأҲıʡ[10]ҪðΪһ壬㡣ģԡҪ֮ʥ֮Ľǡʥ˼ԣ㿴˰Ϳʥ[11] ˣҲϣ˰ҪˣҲҪɢԼıܡ壬ԡǰҲ塣(Լ͡927)ͽѾرʮּܵݼпһ㣺ˣԼˣֱ밮ϡ[12] ϶Ϊһ˺һԵ壬ҲΪЧµĶ󡣻ķʽҲΪమij߶[13] İҲ̺塣ʵԡİԱ۵ķȣʵȡʵȵİ棬ˡǺ϶ΪһġӦȫġȫ顢ȫȫⰮԼԼ·Ӹ1027 Ļǰľ֡ʹ˵ҰȴպԼĵ֣ѵģΪDzԼĵֵģͲܰԼԼһ顷4:20

    ֮ʵ֣һ    ֮ʥijԽԣֽռ񣬻ʵԡ˹ռʹ֮Խռİ˸ܵޣΪġ˱Ͼһ϶ΪһĶûжԾֵ׷ƱΪʬ⡣ṩ˵ǶԾֵ׷ʵⳬԽԵİʹ֮ΪɼġִٷչĽ죬ǸҪĹػΪ˵һֿ׷󡣻ʹҪʵʥԴ˰ĸҪ˾ԵIJʮ롣ʮ֮ԴﰺʥڣIrenaeus,Ԫ130/48-200)Adversus haereses, 4,16,3-4)ʥ֮Ϊʮ仰ҪԼȼ͡202-17Լ͡56-21ȻԼ߶Դԭʼʮ仰ʵʥѧʯϵʮ仰ӦøΪࡣΣʮ仰ҮܽԼ·Ӹ1027ʮ仰ľʵ˼ҪѵһڶˣȻȫ

    Ȼִᣬ˼Ҳ¶ִIJֲԻԭһʥУִơִ̻ʹ磬һʱƣһڸ£ʺϸʱķʽõʣ壬ͽĹϵ[14] ֺּͷʡȷ󹫻ս̻ģĿʹʱDDߣDz׳ߣʶʹһϵ磬׷һٹ̵ġԵѰŽᣬڰµļ£ˬͨӦʱҪ[15] ʱҪǣͨѰŽᣬͬŬһ

 

ʰ޼

    ʷУǹûԻͣеѳΪʷ˸貵ĹâеļȴȻҫŵ·;ʷ貵ҫǹ⡣νͻʱڵʱϣжӡȡйԶǧɽˮ޻ͨظԷչȴҲĻеִ֮ͨȫ򻯣ǹͬԼĻɫʵİ쵡ijЩΪڶʱĵִȫ򻯵Ӱ죬ƱҪ˴˽໥ͨСгͻ

    ִֵǿ֮紵ǰ򶫣òǽ塣ȴƶȡ˼٣ƺʺִΣǶԴµķʽɷصĻҡ[16] ǰͳ顶DZΣļֵĵΣΪֵ۵дһع¡[17] йԵιһֻعµĺڶĻתңɡɡȫɡɡɡΪɡʥɡתɡۺϴɵȵɱࡣ[18] ڽ̣ǣʵڽ̡ڽ̡ڽѲΪһѰĸ[19] ͬʱ۲쵽ģڹȥ20䣨ȻӦֹ20--עִĻĻDDƽȡԼҳɾDDѾȫ緶ΧȡТΪֵ۵ĴͳĻͳελ[20] Ԥ⣬ĻִϮ紫ͳĻ㷺ζҡѹԼšڷУ˶ִͬ[21] ڽิ硣ڽ̵ĸĸҲʱaggiornamento)ĺ١⣬ִֵľҲĿ֦̣ĻڽʿѧѧLa nouvelle thologie)йҡѧִ˼ƺ٣֦Ҷȴб

    ͬʱȫ򻯵ǿӰҲ뷢չκһٶǰСڶִĻʽǿʶЩȫۣжĻĹʽҷӶЩƹѧĻӰ죬Ļԭڽطdzǿʢ[22] ȫ򻯳ڽĻʵҲĻĽȫ򻯣ԾΪȷ棬ִĴ£ΡƼýĻȴ󽫣γһȫҵս󡣴ȫ򻯴жԹݿִ࣬ٽ֮ͷ֮ͳ˧ȻδĿȫսƺҲɱ仯˲Ϣ䣬ԤϺͰաڿʷһȫµƪ¡ڹУһжƺ˳£ȻȻȷɡȫ֮У˧ƶ䣬ͽȻȷִĵĶεļ䣬Ϊ㷺ݱ䣬ӡ[23] ǧĹƺ֧飬޷ٸ顢˼еοȱ棬ȴҲ㡣ɸԹõģبŶµĴ𸴣ֽҲûȫ򻯵˻˻ս¡¡֮ˡ淢չĸҪĶĴ𸴡

    ȻĸҪ𸴣ȻִƵĻӦʹʿ϶Чؽ[24]Ȼȫ֮µӦͷչȷǸ⡣Ǻ˺͢ͻۣһۣʲôۡЩۣ޳֮֮޳ɲַԲ֮ͻҲãҲգִȫ֮ؽˢкĿݲ࣬Ӷк䱦ù⻪ǣȫУಢԹ·ˣȴսĻߡ˼ĻĴߣĻߡ˼ҪҪ

    ΪΪ˵ijԽˡԡԵ˲Ǿ̬ģǶ̬ġ˶ָ̬ԳԽϸоרҸɭ˵Ĵ󲿷֯ϸڲϵظ»ڵϸƽֻ710ꡣɴѧǶȶԣ֮±仯ܿ죬ѾˡȻ֮Ȼδı䡣˲֮֮ˣ֮֮žϵijԺͱϵIJԡȻ֪֮ʶľԱ𽥳ḻȻḻ֮Ե֮ıԡ֮֮˼Ļ֮֮ѧ֮žϵijԡϵIJԼϵķչԵ ĻۣǿԺͱġͨ˴ﵽһԵijԽ ȷ̶עԵijԽ֮֮೬Խ֣ﵽԽ;[25]ȻΪԵijԽĻṩ;Ҫʶ˼Ϊʡһտ˼¹ɡԨ ȻʣԳǬԡҲΪ³Խ;Ҫ;裬ɣͬ죬ǷʴˣĻԳԽ֮Ϊã֮Ϊġ

    Ϊ˵ijԽӵдڵȫʱڵв档ܣΪŵָȷĿ꣺㡣[26] ֮rsǾ֮ʥagpԣ߲ܱ׷룬ͳһһġͳһڿ֮ͳһ֮ˣİ϶ܹΪrsͬʱİҲȫȫʥagp[27] ˶ԣ˰ˡִѧо֤ܵİ仯пѧоûѧӦͰ,ҵ͸Űʱ˵״̬вͬ˶ԣ֮rsķӦǾ֮agpľ顣֮֮ڵijԽ;֮ڵijԽ;֮֮ϳԽңָȫԽİ˰ıʣҲı[28] Ϊһ壬㡣аijɹDz֮ȻȻ̺ŷϡ˸ƽȡƽ塢ƾΡжϲִֵֵʴˣԳԽ֮Ϊϡ˸ƽȡƽ塢ƾΡжϲ֣Ϊġ

    ĻĶԻӦŷʰ޼ڵĹâʵĻע͹ʱйͳںˡԴѧ˵֮Ե֮ʼԪͬһ˼ν֮£ҲԪִӶˡִˡӶΪԪΪʣΪ֮龫̡ ΪԪΪʣΪ֮ʵΪ֮һҲҴ˺ʵIJͣ۲ã֮ܶʼԡԴԵ֪ҵijѧʳߣҲҪζҲʣԣ޶֮ԴԳԽԽ̣֮֮ννСʧ´顷ԴʵΪĻ֮ģΪ֮͡ңִѧѧѧѧȶ˵оĻԣںִѧо֮ȷԡ֮Ҫ֮ģ֮Էϡ˸ƽȡƽ塢ƾΡжϲֵ񡣹ʴˣĻں֮ͳΪһ壬޼Ү֮ʰĻչ֮·Ļ֮·ãศɡһ鱾ԴĻ֮ģΪʰ֮ġұԴ֮е֮һҪʩݡˡ֮⣬ȱ֮ڳԽԣ޴֮ԡȷҪΪһ壬ҪԵıҪء֮Ի֮ԼȾԳԽ֮лԳԽ֮ԡΪ֮ԡ֮ԻڳԽԵֲڳԽԣȱٿڳԽ֮еĻٵ˽ԣΪ˽šԴ󡢲¡Լֶǰ顷134-5 ۻ֮ǿڳԽӶ֮࣬ڳԽȴӽ١½̵ųǼڳԽһֱԶԣųΪӹԵŬٸ˿϶ʥ˼Դ֪ʱҪ㣬ҪʱȴҪ㡣 ҪóԽȣҪڳԽʩԾ֣֮ҪҵŬ߲ƫϡģʰ֮ԱơΪ֮·ʰ֮Ϊ֮Ϊʰ֮ʵ֮˺ڣϡ˸ƽȡƽ塢ƾΡжϲֵһشУлĻʰ



[1]      ࣬йĻۡʦѧ磬20041µ2212-219ҳ

[2]    ͬϣ212ҳ

[3]    ͬϣ213ҳ

[4]    ģͬϣ224ҳ

[5]    Benedict XVI, Encyclical Letter, Deus Caritas Est, no. 3. of the three Greek words for love, eros, philia (the love of friendship) and agape, New Testament writers prefer the last, which occurs rather infrequently in Greek usage.

[6]    ͬϣno. 5, there is a certain relationship between love and the Divine: love promises infinity, eternitya reality far greater and totally other than our everyday existence.

[7]    ͬϣno.7Yet eros and agapeascending love and descending lovecan never be completely separated. The more the two, in their different aspects, find a proper unity in the one reality of love, the more the true nature of love in general is realized.

[8]    ͬϣno.9, God loves, and his love may certainly be called eros, yet it is also totally agape.

[9]    ͬϣno.6, Love embraces the whole of existence in each of its dimensions, including the dimension of time. It could hardly be otherwise, since its promise looks towards its definitive goal: love looks to the eternal.

[10]  ͬϣno. 6, Starting from the depths of his own sacrifice and of the love that reaches fulfilment therein, he also portrays in these words the essence of love and indeed of human life itself.

[11]  ˼ʥVIII 812

[12]  Benedict XVI, Encyclical Letter, Deus Caritas Est, no.10, Here Christians can see a dim prefigurement of the mystery of the Cross: so great is God's love for man that by becoming man he follows him even into death, and so reconciles justice and love.

[13] ͬϣno.11, God's way of loving becomes the measure of human love.

[14]  ףְִ̻¡4ڡ

[15]  ͬϣ91ڡ

[16]  ͬϣ7ڡ

[17]  οϢ20061220գ14

[18]  ؿȫι⻦־ΰ ࣬Ի͵̡ѧ׳磬200112ҳ

[19]  ףְִ̻¡7ڡ

[20]  άƤ˹˹ε£ıδơοϢ2004829գ档

[21]  ͬϡ

[22]  Then again, today the West is being strongly influenced by other cultures in which the original religious element is very powerful. The Tablet, 19 August 2006, 8ҳ

[23]  ףְִ̻¡5ڡ

[24]  ͬϣ56ڡ

[25]  DDԴͳĻһַ̳2005.12

[26]  Benedict XVI, Encyclical Letter, Deus Caritas Est, no.6, Love embraces the whole of existence in each of its dimensions, including the dimension of time. It could hardly be otherwise, since its promise looks towards its definitive goal: love looks to the eternal.

[27]  ͬϣno.9, God loves, and his love may certainly be called eros, yet it is also totally agape.

[28]  ͬϣno. 6, Starting from the depths of his own sacrifice and of the love that reaches fulfilment therein, he also portrays in these words the essence of love and indeed of human life itself.