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Abstract: Catholic Church has a long history in China. Since its spread into China, it has experienced so much conflict with local culture, especially with Confucian culture. Economic ethics is the key issue to this conflict.. Confucian culture is a strong culture in China. Catholic culture, as the relatively weaker one, inevitably must reconcile with the traditional Confucian culture. But the Catholic ethics on economic wealth is a concept still attractive to people interested in the field. Business Ethics is an indispensable part of the Christian social ethics. This notion spread and influenced Chinese people as Catholic Church entered mainland. After the study of economic ethics both Catholic and Confucian, I believe that, on the whole, the Catholic Church and the Confucian ethics of the economy have a lot of things in common and coexisted with each other. The two ideas have some differences, and fundamental differences can be seen at the basic level of economy. I believe that this is mainly due to varying degrees of sanctity and the understanding of Gods on the Confucian side. It is difficult to expound economic ethics of the two cultural thinking. Weber's analysis of the functional paradigm provides an example of this kind of research. This functional paradigm talks about the role of ethics in the economic and social life, especially in economic life. In this paper, I only want to talk about the differences of economic ethics between Catholic Church and Confucianism. German Catholic theologian Schilling thinks that, from the economic ethics point of view, the basic theory of Catholic reflected is in the human dignity, solidarity, independence, private ownership and competition. The author believes that the Confucian culture, appreciate the caring and respect, solidarity, human values, but their attitudes to private ownership and competition issues is conservative. In this paper, the author put forward two types of economic and cultural ethical principles. From this basis he reflects on Catholic and Confucian economic ethics, looking particularly at economic activity: production, circulation, distribution and consumption.

 

 

̴ڶ֮꣬оţ䶿йһֱĻռλ̴룬ɱҪĻн档йҮԱоܶ࣬̾Ƹһʽ򡣱ΪȻǻڽȱٵIJ֣ڴ̹УҲǴҪݡоڹڵĴɻرܵҪ봫ͳĻҾжԱо

йͳϵľд׵ʣڴ̳ڣʿؽһȫİ硣Ӧֲ죬ʶҾģһʷ⡣ڶ̡̾һ˽󣬶߽бȽϣ֤ΪҾƣ֮ͨ˼һIJ죬侭øԴҲǾûĸԴи졣ΪҪڽϵij̶Ȳ죬ڶϲͬ

ɼҪʶ̬ϵľƷҪ˶Դ˵IJͺɢɢ˼У˼Ҳ˼һ֣˼롣ΤľѧоΪоṩ˷ʽرǾճеԽԽˣбҪԴ˽о̾ڴʿرҮջᴫййͳľĥϵĹ

һ, ִѧ˼Τ, ͨڽ̾
о, رǶڽᾭùܵо״ġ̵ּľ֮̽ͬ̽ԾӰ죬ֻΤǰ벿ֵĹ¹ѧϯΪھѧĽǶ۵Ļݴ˸ϡŽụ˽ƺ;ֳ[1]ΪĻͬʰŽụ˵ļֵ˽ơϲȡص̬ȣرϣȡ򡣱ĴĻľԭIJʼûĻڣͨ䡢Ү徭Ҫ㡣

 

һ   ԭ

ϯָ̾˸ϡŽụ˽ƺ;ԭЩԭͽָԭָʵ־䡶ҾԭһƪָҾĻԭ, Ϊۻ, ۵ľ˼ͨһϵеԭ淶֡ԭ, Ҫ¼棺ԭԭ򡢾ƽԭ򡢵ȼԭ򡢺гԭ[2]жʰӰӡ

1 ̵򡣲ɷϵǣΪ˲ϵӦᷢչڲϵĸıԼӦ׵ҪҲ򡣴̷濴׻ʹ̻׻ʹ̻׽ܵϵйʷϱΪʿϲʿùϵ,׵֧֣ϵ֧֡ʷϼ˱Խ̻ľ̻֧ܵ֡μӾͶ̱׻򣬼ΪĻ뱾ĻʱĻ˼롣ǰָһ׻ڽ̣ʱڣѧӰ죬ĻһйעճĻȻеһ֡Ҫڱ㣬ؽ뱾Ļĥϡ׻ʹ̿ʼ׵ľûй淶Ҫ

2     ʰҽ߰ˡʩʰΪõԭͲ˹ھĻڽ̵л۵㡣ͨԭͱͱ׼Ĺγɵľùͬ壬ִΩһȷƽľ÷򡣡ϯ֣20037-8ҮҼΪھûӦʰĵԭ򣬵ڽԵIJ죬ʰijDzһġ̴һ˸ھûбʰָʾͣĿҲҫϿɡ̴ԵģʰijҲӡ߰ˡĻ˼ȰDzҪ𺦺ַ棬һӦƼ˵Ϊ룬ᳫҪӦרˡΪΪһܹ֮ӦǡʩˡٽһӦǡˣˡǰǽ벻Ҫǿˣ棬˵˻Ӧðˡ˺ˡ[3]

3     ̽塣ʰ̾ûõԭ򣬶ƸǾĻ̵ĽᴩʼգʱڵҮջʿƶԼ̰ڽ̽һȥ׵Ҷϰڽ̽ȱΪʵŨصıʲƸԼ⣬ģġĹϵϣϽ˰ͼĽۣΪɵҲߣ֪ʬҲӶҲܬҲҲҲҲʵҲðģڹ²ó侫Ҳ[4]ȻǾ֮أʬ⣬֮Ȼֵʳ֮ȻӦйˣ߷ҲҲϤ˽ȥҲòΪزΪӣ²ͱ֮к[5]ʳ֮֮Ҳͬӣ֮ģӣʳ֮ӡ[6]

̰ѡơ롰¡̰߽ǴָҲɿཾ棬ǫѷƣֱԣݣаҲ£֮ҲĽ֮£֮Ҳ[7]Johann Adam Schall von Bell, 1592-1666Ϊһձÿ۶߱ض裬ʳɫݣɣ½Ըƶ½Զӡ[8]ӵңDiego de Pantoja, 1571-1618꣬Ϊ֮ԲܹݣΪޣб˱ޣҶ˱عѣƱ϶Թ᣻Ѱȡ༵֮ǡƲܼ̰̼̰ΪٶԶҲ޷ٶȣֹģΩһij·Ǽֹ̰ƶֵҮջʿĹ۵㡣̲ƣƸ޶⣬ݼġв֣Ϊǿɳܵġ

ֹ۵ҵƣѧ, δڡĹļн֮˵, ߵһ, Ĺ涨ҿԶڵķҹϵʶ, , , ǿһΪ׷¼ֵΪ, ڲ񶨸ǰ, ǶԸ»׷޵Ŀ϶, ޶Ⱦ, , ֮Ҳ, ֮, Ҳ[9]Ҳ, ִ֮ʿ, Ϊ֮粻, , [10]Ҳ˵Ը׷, õϿ,ҹ, [11]񶨵˽, ڹ, Ҫ֮֮[12]ڶȡ᷽棬ȡ塣һչƣ뵽ϣ̲Ƶ¹۱ǨơνӦʵĹͬӦʵҲͬƣʱڣԲƸ׷ʢܱӵģʵȷʵҪģԲ̣ҡͼ̵֡IJƵ¹ҵ۶ʵìɫ

 

   ҮԾûڵ

̶Ծûͬڶص

1     ԡȻ̷Թ׷Ƹڡȡ󡰰衱һϣΪΪ顢±ȻDzܱѹƣֻܽԵĵڡΪƷҲΪҪƷͶϯΪΪ˸ṩͱϣ¾ûǣûĿı˵յĿϵۡ[13]۲, ߰ˡƵ˼ѧ˵һʵ֪, ʳ֪[ 1 ] () , ˵, һ;ҵͶ̬,֮[ 1 ] (ۡ) , ߡʵ, Ϊƶ, رĩ, ũ̡ۡ˵:񸻹֮,ڷ, ǿũҵǸ, Ҫũ, ƹҵķչ, ũҵʱݻΪҵġۡȷʿжľж˸񣬿϶˵ĸ֮˽϶ˡҲ϶ѧߵġ[14]۹۵൱̵ȡƹ֮ǶΪͶǷԹ׷ƸͶĿΪˡ塱ΪΪ˿ҲӢʱ˵͵ڽ̣侭ĿĻڲȴⲿ˸񻯵

ڶԴͶϣ̰ͶҪأְҵ̵ͶʥԣͶΪҫÿһֳʵְҵܱʵĿĵȻ[15]ְҵУÿһֳʵְҵҲô΢У̻ǿٻĻᣬΪͨʵΪ񣬽̻Ǽ˼룺ġٻΪĺﱾȻںгĹϵ֮С[16]Ҳֹҵֹһֵȼ֣֣֮ۡʿũλ

ȡƷʽϣೡDzΪֶΪǰ¸ȷֶȥԼͽľûȻһ־ӹľ[17]ܶѧΪйľһӹΡźȷİӹ֮ΪҾɫ֮һҹеġӰƣȡ֮е̰ߣ֪ãΪӹȻⷽ涼ӹɫˣйͳ϶󡱡ӼԵΪȣ֮¶ڸ˶ԣȻֻ󣻶˺ڶԣӦʹάһֲƶ״̬Դ˴塣[18]ڻҮջʿӹȻҲžϵĽڼӾ㣬֪㳣֣衱ȡһΧڣ֮ԡ衱ӦάΪȡ[19]

2     ڷ䡣̱ʰĹһڽƽ壬ƽ壬ҲڷƽȹΪṫǾõĻˣĻ͸ŹĹԣʰꡣʵ棬ƽʰʩϡڸҵйƺʩơ̷ԡߡȾؽ̰޼޵ģҪﵽе¾貼ʩIJƲʩҪˣԾ¡Ƹƶƣе֮ԽΪҪDZIJṩһɢҲáҹһ־˼룬źΪؾֶַֻ˼Ϊ˱ֻӵǷҪȼײ, Ѷ, ƶ ()ڵʱǵĻˮƽϵ, Ҫδ,޵ʳ, ԵƽDZҪġҲ˵ҮҶһ־˼룬ʵ־˼ڼ̽еľִһζƶעģƶظƳģڴ˻ϳ˵ĹʩãƽȣҵƽƽҰѾùϵһֵȼƵУҲǼάȼᾭĺгģвĵȼֻУﵽгﵽνƽȡźָҵľƽ˼һֵȼƵ˼룬ȷ׼İλάƵǰʵָ׼ȼֲ⡣ˣҷԾƽʵеȼƵIJƸռкͷƶȡ[20]̲ûȷĵȼϣ̻ᳫƽģȻʵУΪṩ֧֣硰ƶظ˽Ƶ֤˹ָΪɳϵΪ˱֤ͥĶԣ˽ƵĽDZҪģֻõķ١İбϡ[21]

    Եڷķʽʩ̵Ĺ۵Ҳв֮ͬ޵֮޷ʹƶ̣ʩҪǣʩˣҪھƶھʩ۱ȵٵʩ۸ܹƻġҵʩУʩʩֻ֮Ƿ˫ߵĹϵʩ뱨Ľϵʩ걨ĹϵһĸбȻԼʩߵʩڽĹǿʹʩߴһʮ߳ܵľϡҼۣͥѧΪͥ۱ҪƸ[22]ʮַԻ۲ģᄀá

3     ڽ̵ȡе˼һڽУҪеҲǺϺ£ҲDzĻòܽ˵ʧ֮ϣΪۡڽҲͬãִԾ̲Ծȴ趨˱׼Ҫһ̶ϣƹɾȨ߾ȫƾΪɡпȨ׷޹˼ɵĮԵɾ᳹л֯ĹͰȡóɹ۲, żֵۡ˵:, ֮Ҳ; ˼, ֮Ҳ (¦ϡ)Ҿӹѧﶼ϶ϵļֵ,ӹ,Ի:, ֮ӡӹ:زѶȥ, ˹ߺ?Ի:ȥӹԻ:زѶȥ, ˹ߺ?Ի:ȥʳԹŽ, Ų(Ԩ)ɼŵҪԡʵ, ҽ, Ϊǿع˽, , ֶԽ, öڽУұųšΪ֮ΪߣҲ෴޴֮ģҲɼá˵Ļʺ˵ıˡ[23] ᳫáãھϵҪᾭΪ˾չ[24]ϲвڽвҷɾȴƹȾڷչҵķչҲ˾˼룬ŷϳŵľ˺˵ĶԾ

4     ѡᳫ壬ᳫڼϣҮơ޵ģޣƷռбȻ˵ȱʧҮҶԹѣڱֻĻϣᳫڼ󣬱ֽྻʱڵҮջʿв޻ᳫУԾڲҲͣ±ϡ۲ϣн֪֮˵̰ǿ֪, Ϊ֪㲻, ֹ֪, Գáʵ, ᳫӼҴȶĽǶ, ͳν׼Ͷ߽׼ڴӼ, Լͬڽ£εIJ졣Ҳǣǰ˵һֵȼϣҲֵͬȼҲǶƷѱ˵䣬主г̶Ⱥ;״λҲDzӦõģǿɳܵġ꿪Dzͬλݵвͬѱ׼벻ѶDzԵġͬԭ֪㳣֣ԡ衱ȡΪԭʵҲΪ˵ݳҵɡӵΪϵĸбϵĸøΪҪ֪㳣Ǿ㣬渻Ҳ͹޵Ҳơ

 

   Ү徭Ի

ʱҮջʿйԵһܴͳĻѬաӰй䴫룬ĻDZҪйͳĻرǵʱռλõĻԻ˼Ҫ֣žڹСеĵλԽԽأ֮侭Ľؽճ̡Ȼ˼һ֣ʱ׿˼롣ڵҮỰdzͻڹڵ˸ÿʱÿʱڵɫԲߡȻĻͻͷҵѧߣҲʷϱΪʿ봫ʿ֮ĶԻȨҲǵУ˶ԴоվЩʿϣҲ˰ʿҹʷǴƵģھҲΪ塣Ҳҵľ侭֤侭ĺԡھҪҵҪ˼룬ǰͬء¡ᡰơҹͬʰ˼룬ڵԭϵIJ첢ڴϵijͻء⣬IJǰҪΪھ϶Ϊںϵơ̵ľԲ֮㣬ҵľ̵ֿı̾ڱܣָľ

ʱıǨҮ˼ҲӦĵԣִ󣬹˼Ԫִѧ֮γɳҮڶԪĻij£Ӧĸı䡣ĻĻ˶֮ܵУѧڽִӰѲͬնȴڹڴӰڶ࣬ˣ̾˼Ҫ˼Ӱлǧ֮ãڵΪһϰߡ˲ΪӰ˥ĻҪԡΪĻ뵽ķ棬ҲǣγνŶӡڹڵĴ̣ɱҪĻԻȻҲڲϵʱԾĹ۵Ҳڱ仯Dzģ˱IJдڼֵֵѧ棬ʵ档й̽ն࣬ǹIJߣΪҵܽܵľָ侭ûʮֱҪġ

 

ߵλʦѧ

 

                         

 

οף

1.       ϯ ()2003̾ѧйѧ硣

2.       ź1989ҾϽ

3.       ½ ࣩ2002й¡

4.       Ӣʱ2004й˾񡷣ʦѧ硣

5.       񼣬ʮƪءѧһ

6.       Ⱥ硷ء̶ࡷ̨ѧ֣1966 Ӱӡ

7.       ־Ҿԭ ѧ1998 1 ڡ

8.       Үջʿľѧĵʣڽо2008 1 ڡ

9.       󣬻̵İƶֵҮջIJƸۣʦѧѧ20002ڡ

10.    СйҾ˼̽ѧѧ (ѧѧ)20031ڡ

11.    ¡ǿ̵׻ʦѧѧѧѧ棩19953ڡ



[1] ϯ ()2003̾ѧйѧ磬3ҳ

[2] ־Ҿԭ򡷣 ѧ1998 1 ڡ

[3] ź1989ҾϽ117ҳ

[4] 񼣬ʮƪءѧһ 203 ҳ

[5]񼣬ʮƪءѧһ 159 ҳ

[6]ͬϣ 204 ҳ

[7] 񼣬ʮƪءѧһ 276 ҳ

[8] Ⱥ硷ء̶ࡷ̨ѧ֣1966 Ӱӡ 580ҳ

[9] ʡ

[10]

[11]

[12] ҢԻ

[13]ϯ룬2003̾ѧйѧ硣7ҳ

[14] Ӣʱ2004й˾񡷣ʦѧ磬295ҳ

[15]ϯ룬2003̾ѧйѧ磬117ҳ

[16]ϯ룬2003̾ѧйѧ磬121ҳ

[17] ½ 2002й¡213ҳ

[18]½ 2002й¡214ҳ

[19]½ 2002й¡216ҳ

[20]ź1989ҾϽ113ҳ

[21]ϯ ()2003̾ѧйѧ磬34ҳ

[22]½ 2002й¡218-220ҳ.

[23]ź1989ҾϽ121ҳ

[24]ź1989ҾϽ121ҳ